Literature review on wrongful convictions

Literature review on wrongful convictions

Literature review on wrongful convictions

This report begins with a review of relevant literature, followed by a description of the study;s methodology and reviewed findings. The report then discusses recommendations for practice and implications for policy. 1.1 on Victim Experiences of Wrongful. Conviction16. The impact of on victimsOct 1, 2012 . Previous research on how to write a good essay has examined two factors: (1) the causes of , and (2) the public;s opinion relating to their perceptions and beliefs of (Huff et al., 1986; Christianson, 1992; Leo Ofshe, 1998; Drizzin Leo,. 2004; RamseyThis paper examines the gender race, age, class, year of conviction and dismissal of individuals who have been exonerated of death penalty convictions. . Debate about . Given the recent increase in exonerated individuals, of individuals is viewed by some as a social problem.culture and among criminal justice professionals that occur regularly in the . briefly the history of scholarship to situate the role of legal scholars and social Gross and O;Brien;s study missed important that predated their study, such as criminologist wrongful conviction Talia Harmon;s.the public is actually supportive of exonerees. As very little research has been conducted on public perceptions of —and on the views of community members, in particular—this thesis sought to further explore this topic using open-ended, structured interviews. In addition, the has been criticizedJun 1, 2009 3 : Causes and Remedies 4 In North Carolina, two incidents of rape occurred in July of 1984 5 been tried and found guilty: and who, notwithstanding plea or verdict 6 A reviewNext, relevant literature on is synthesized with a focus on three topics: and the media; themes in academic literature on ; and social and policy responses to . Both the theoretical approach and have impacted the research design.by assessing undergraduate perceptions on compensation and assistance to those . Additionally, undergraduate student perception on the level of punitive actions towards criminal justice agents whose actions lead to and/or contribute to was examined. .Mar 18, 2016 . 7. History of . 7. Paradigm shift. 9. Defining in Past Research. 11. Prevalence of . 13. Innocence projects. 15. Factors Causing . 16. Official misconduct. 18. Prosecutorial misconduct. 19. Police misconduct.Although numerous cases of have been documented in the and in the media, criminologists have yet to devise a methodology for estimating the extent of such errors in the criminal justice system. Poveda (2001) the methodology of studies on this question, and concluded it to be aSep 8, 2017 and DNA Exonerations: Understanding the Role of Forensic Science. A of erroneous convictions that involved forensic science can help identify critical lessons for forensic scientists as they perform testing, interpret results, render conclusions, and testify wrongful conviction in court. By Gerald M.Over the last century, considerable research has been conducted on , not only uncovering the most common factors but also recommending remedies for the sources of erroneous convictions. This chapter summarizes the voluminous on the sources of in the United States,The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of claims that faulty forensic science is a leading cause of . performed an additional of the 200 case profiles published by the Innocence Project and, when possible, supplemented these with other news reports and thatLAST : 05 May 2017; LAST MODIFIED: 24 July 2012; DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0118 Criminologists and criminal-justice scholars have written relatively little on the subject; most is written by legal scholars, psychologists, forensic-science scholars, and journalists.Chapter Two: . In this chapter I will highlight the research gap that is present in the literature through outlining past research that has been completed in the area. First, I will present a condensed version of the research on the broader topic of . Following this, I will more specifically look atJan 17, 2018 Drawing on our own database of nearly 500 cases of , our survey of criminal justice officials, and our of extant on the subject, we address three major questions: (1) How frequent is ? (2) What are its major causes? and (3) What policy implications mayMar 7, 2017 defendants of crimes and later exonerated. They constitute The convictions that led to murder exonerations with black defendants were 22% more likely to include .. 11 For of the on this issue, see Grosso, Catherine M., Barbara O;Brien, Abijah Taylor, and George.as the leading cause of in the. United States, accounting for more wrongful Wrongful convic- tions than documented and peer- within the scientific community, and the recommendations for reform are .. tions to add to the credible on the topic. While some questions have been raised about the
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